Thursday, March 13, 2014

March 26-31 Multiple Potentially Significant Snowstorms

I'm examining the idea of multiple significant winter storms over the March 26-31 period.

The above image shows a recent ECMWF forecast, projecting 500mb height anomalies over the North Pacific on March 20th, where blues and purples show negative height anomalies (cool and stormy weather), and oranges and reds depict positive height anomalies (warm and quiet weather). Looking towards the continent of Asia, specifically zeroing in on Japan, I marked two points of interest using the letter X. These X's denote the location of storm systems in the area. There is a storm system moving east over Japan, tilting negatively as it does so, and a storm to the west of Japan, just beginning to drop south and racing towards the country. There is a rule, well explained by Joe Renken, that states a weather phenomenon in East Asia will be reciprocated in the United States 6-10 days later. This means that if there is a storm system in Japan on a certain day, we can expect a storm in the US 6-10 days after that. The same goes for high pressure and warm weather. The two storm systems both retain impressive intensities, with the bright purples indicating that both systems look to be strong.

About 18 hours later, we see that the situation over Japan has changed. The first storm system that was previously over Japan has shot north, influenced by the even-stronger system shown in green shades south of far northeast Russia. The second storm system that was previously racing towards Japan is now impacting Japan, maintaining rather-strong characteristics, as shown by the tinted purples over the country. This confirms there may be not one, but two storm systems in this timeframe.

Shown above is the ECMWF Ensemble mean forecast of 500mb height anomalies, over North America. The same color rules, where blues indicate stormy weather and oranges show calm weather, still apply. This forecast is valid on March 26th, the beginning of the five day period we're watching for these two potential storms. We see storminess evolving over the West Coast, shown by the darker blues just offshore of California, Oregon and Washington state. We see this provoking slight ridging in the southern Plains, well illustrated by the erosion of blues in that region. We also see an old friend in a piece of the polar vortex still sticking around in Canada. The storminess over the West Coast should enable the high pressure over the Southern Plains to gradually strengthen and push east, as it's possible we see a negative Pacific-North American pattern evolve, which is characterized in the image below.

Typical negative PNA pattern
NCSU
We also see how a lobe of the polar vortex still sits over Canada, as it has been doing for much of the winter, and should continue to do into spring. If this forecast were to verify, it wouldn't be too hard for the storm track to be suppressed, from the Midwest down into the Ohio Valley. This could favor areas that have been hit multiple times already this winter, including the lower Midwest and Ohio Valley regions.

The GFS Ensemble forecast for 500mb anomalies at about the same timeframe have a pretty similar pattern, even though they may seem different at first glance. The PNA remains negative, like the ECMWF ensembles project, as we see strong negative height anomalies over the West Coast. We also see a lobe of the polar vortex positioned in Canada, as we did in the ECMWF Ensemble image. The only 'difference' here is that the ridge we discussed in the ECMWF Ensemble image is more pronounced on this image, and located further east. This solution would likely still drive storm systems into the Midwest, but they would also be suppressed- just not as much as the ECMWF ensembles say they would be. This sort of projection would take the two potentially significant snowstorms into the Midwest and Ohio Valley, as ridging in the Southeast would deter an East Coast solution.

Caveat: The ECMWF projection that says we would get two major storm systems is a long range forecast, and has a chance of not verifying completely. There is a pretty good chance we would be seeing a potentially significant storm system in this timeframe, it's the idea of two storm systems instead of one that isn't really solidified just yet.

To summarize:
-One or possibly two potentially significant storm systems are expected in the March 26-31 timeframe.
-Both winter and severe weather modes would be quite possible with this event.

Andrew

3 comments:

Shawn said...

Could Missouri be included with these storms?

Anonymous said...

We are going on vacation in Branson Missouri on the 26th!
For a week long family reunion!
I want warm, sun, & fun!
If nasty weather gets in-between my warm, sun & fun.... well, lets just say it wont be pretty!
I'll be keeping an eye on this Andrew, Thank you for keeping us in this know!
bree

Kenyon Gladu said...

I've been using the 6-10 day rule lately and it does seem to verify pretty well. I'm just curious about what exactly it is.

The rule quoted from Joe doesn't exactly match the description of the typhoon rule (no recurving here) or the Bering Sea rule... is it a modification of either of these rules or just a simplification of the BSR? Thanks in advance!